By Goodluck Musinguzi
Use of Insecticide Treated Mosquito Nets (ITNs), and Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) are the two main approaches to malaria vector control in Uganda. These approaches are paying off
These are complemented by other measures to reduce mosquito breeding (such as source reduction and larval control measures). Integrated Vector Management (IVM) is now the recommended way forward in controlling disease vectors as there is no single vector control tool able to effectively control disease vectors when deployed alone.
Two or more interventions may be combined as an „integrated vector management approach‟ which may also target vectors of diseases other than malaria.
IVM is a rational decision-making process for the management of vector populations, so as to reduce or interrupt transmission of vector-borne diseases in a more efficient, effective and ecologically sound manner.
An IVM approach takes into account the available health infrastructure and resources and integrates all available and effective measures, whether chemical, biological, or environmental, based on local evidence.
IVM also encourages collaboration within the health sector and with other sectors, and
active engagement of communities.7
Other new technologies and innovations will be evaluated for their suitability in the
Ugandan situation and their adoption for use in the country determined by the results of those evaluations.