By Goodluck Musinguzi
Uganda is not about to get off the list of the Global Malaria Burdened countries because of its Geographical location. Being on the Equator is a blessing in terms of tourism and a curse in terms of temperatures that are conducive for both the mosquito and protozoa to live.
Dr Jimmy Opigo, a Medical Doctor, Public health & Systems expert, Program & malaria specialist. Passionate and working towards a Malaria Free UGANDA/World as Assistant Commissioner Ministry of Health held a phone Interview with Kigezi News.
Opigo said the fight against Malaria Disease will be a continuous process because of factors that are beyond interventions of government. He said all efforts are being done to eliminate Malaria but mosquitoes multiply easily in the region.
Ugandans should embrace interventions like sleeping under the mosquito nets so that they protect themselves from Malaria disease as government starts to battle the mosquitoes.
Malaria is most prevalent in tropical climates, where the rainfall is sufficient for mosquitoes to breed and the temperatures are conducive for both the mosquito and protozoa to live. Every where you go in most parts of Uganda there are water bodies.
About half of the world’s population is at risk. Large areas of Africa and South Asia and parts of Central and South America, the Caribbean, Southeast Asia, the Middle East, and Oceania are considered areas where malaria transmission occurs.
An increase in temperature, rainfall, and humidity may cause a proliferation of the malaria-carrying mosquitoes at higher altitudes, resulting in an increase in malaria transmission in areas in which it was not reported earlier. … In dry climates, heavy rainfall can provide good breeding conditions for the mosquitoes.
Africa is the most affected due to a combination of factors: A very efficient mosquito (Anopheles gambiae complex) is responsible for high transmission. The predominant parasite species is Plasmodium falciparum , which is the species that is most likely to cause severe malaria and death.
What are the chances of getting malaria in Africa?The crude risk for travelers to different regions varied from 1 per 100,000 travelers to Central America and the Caribbean to 357 per 100,000 in central Africa.
How long has malaria been a problem in Africa?115 years of malaria in Africa.
What country is malaria most common in?Malaria cases
Fifteen countries in sub-Saharan Africa and India carried almost 80% of the global malaria burden. Five countries accounted for nearly half of all malaria cases worldwide: Nigeria (25%), Democratic Republic of the Congo (11%), Mozambique (5%), India (4%) and Uganda (4%).
What parts of Africa are affected by malaria?Ten of these countries – Burkina Faso, Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Uganda and United Republic of Tanzania – are in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2017, these countries reported increases in malaria cases over the previous year.
In 1969, the World Health Assembly adopted a carefully worded resolution that effectively ended the Global Malaria Eradication Programme launched in 1955.
While long-term plans for malaria eradication were kept on the table, the resolution frankly admitted the failures and setbacks encountered during implementation of the global eradication strategy and shifted the responsibility for moving forward to national public health organizations.
The campaign succeeded in eliminating malaria from many parts of the world, but no major gains were made in sub-Saharan Africa, the historical heartland of this disease.
The goal of defeating malaria was replaced by the more realistic ambition of holding the disease at bay. In Africa, the malaria situation deteriorated to the point that its only positive feature was stability: things could hardly
get any worse.
Interest in malaria control revived in 1992, when the government of the Netherlands hosted a ministerial conference on malaria, co-sponsored by WHO. The conference, attended by senior health leaders from 65 countries, aimed to map out plans for a renewed assault on malaria that acted on lessons from the past.
Participants at the conference regarded the fight against malaria as a fight against poverty that demanded better coverage with essential health services.
In Africa, WHO estimated that malaria killed one out of every 20 children in rural areas before their fifth birthday and was the most prevalent illness in young adults, sapping productivity and eroding prospects for development.
The conference adopted a World Declaration on the Control
of Malaria, which was endorsed by the World Health Assembly the following year.