AFCOD report states that Kisoro and Pallisa have the highest number of sexually abused children and teenagers

Abuse has been a custom in our society today, a lot of people have suffered from abuse as a result of many factors. This baseline report represents the magnitude of sexualized violence in the districts of Kisoro and Pallisa as of December 2009. The report provides benchmarks of extent to which defilement,
rape and sexual harassment are prevailing in the districts to enable the project implementation team to come up with cost effective measures for addressing critical issues that undermine the vulnerable girl child and the women in the target communities.

It is unfortunate that sexual harassment against the girl child is on the increase in schools. Teachers and head teachers of schools have been reported to be sexually abusing girl pupils. Cases of pregnancy and early marriages by teachers have often been reported. Boys have not been spared too although its
less common compared to girls. While the home environment may not equally be quite safe for children, parents send their children to school with the trust that teachers will assume the role of parents while under their guardianship on top of the daunting task of character building and education.

Sexual harassment of girls by teachers in essence betrays the very trust bestowed upon teachers by parents. Teachers are a symbol of authority in the school environment. As such, many abuse their position in the school to influence children especially girls to succumb to their whims.Children tend to fear reporting cases of sexual harassment or violation for fear of being
reprimanded for reporting to authorities including parents.

Children in such situations suffer in silence. Many children especially girls have either dropped out of school directly from sexual harassment or related cases. Breaking the silence requires strong confidence both by children and teachers responsible for handling such cases. Prevention of sexualized violence project is run by the ACFODE in partnership with Independent Development Fund(IDF) and EIRENE. The project seeks to enable women and girls realise their potential by living a life free from rape, defilement and sexual harassment.

The project is premised on the fact that sexualized violence which is a violation of rights is on increase in most parts of Uganda including the two districts.

The effects of child sexual abuse can include depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, complex post-traumatic stress disorder, propensity to further victimization in adulthood, and physical injury to the child, among other problems. Sexual abuse by a family member is a form of incest and can result in more serious and long-term psychological trauma, especially in the case of parental incest.

The global prevalence of child sexual abuse has been estimated at 19.7% for females and 7.9% for males. Most sexual abuse offenders are acquainted with their victims; approximately 30% are relatives of the child, most often brothers, fathers, uncles, or cousins; around 60% are other acquaintances, such as “friends” of the family, babysitters, or neighbors; strangers are the offenders in approximately 10% of child sexual abuse cases. Most child sexual abuse is committed by men; studies on female child molesters show that women commit 14% to 40% of offenses reported against boys and 6% of offenses reported against girls.

The most significant human rights issues included unlawful killings and torture by security forces, harsh prison conditions, arbitrary detention, restrictions on freedoms of press, expression, assembly and political participation; official corruption and criminalization of same sex consensual sexual conduct, including security force harassment and detention of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex persons.

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