In 1994, leaders from 179 Nations and governments met in Cairo, the Capital City of Egypt to articulate a bold vision regarding the relationship between population, development and Individual well-being.

Its 25 years since leaders met in Cairo, they return to Nairobi in November 2019 for a Summit that will mark the 25th birthday of advancing the International conference on Population and Development Programme of Action (ICPD). The theme will be “ACCELERATING THE PROMISE”.

Hon David Bahati, Minister of State for Finance, Planning and Economic Development (Planning) says The ICPD programme of Action shifted the emphasis of population policies away from slowing population growth to improving the lives of individuals, particularly women.

Bahati said this in Kampala while meeting Members of Parliament, the National Population Council, UNFPA Representative in Uganda, Mr.Alain Sibenaler, Heads of Diplomatic Missions, District Leaders and Religious leaders in a symposium to discuss Uganda’s progress and plans.

The program action, adopted by 179 governments, recognised that reproductive health, as well as women’s empowerment and gender equality, are the pathway to sustainable development.

Bahati said leaders set out to promote universal access to sexual and reproductive health care, improve family planning access, reduce child and maternal mortality, increase life expectancy, achieve universal access to and completion of secondary education, eliminate harmful practices against women (such as genital cutting and forced early marriages and the consequences of teenage pregnancy) and advance gender equality and women’s empowerment.

Bahati says as a country we need to reflect on the collective journey, twenty five years after Cairo, we need to think critically about what has changed and what has probably not improved.

“As a country, we have made significant progress in implementing the ICPD because the objectives of the Program of Action were key considerations in the national development agenda and aspirations and were integrated in the national development frameworks from the Poverty Eradication Action Plan, Vision 2040 and in the first and second National Development Plans”.

Some of the achievements by Uganda government to date include:

  • Life expectancy has greatly improved from 43 years in 1991 to 63 years in 2014, implying that the population remains more productive as a result of improved access to health services and adoption of health life styles.As the number of older persons continues to grow, so does the need to address the increased incidence of age-related fragility and the provision of high-quality health care, while enabling individuals to live longer, healthier and more productive lives.
  • Maternal mortality decreased from 569/100,000 in 1995 to 336/100,000 live births due to improved antenatal care,skilled attendance at birth and increasing access to family planning services.
  • The country has achieved incredible improvement in child survival and indeed the infant mortality rate at 43 per 1,000 live births surpassed the target for NDPII of 45 per 1,000 live births as a result of immunization, nutrition and child care practices.
  • Government launched Universal Primary Education (UPE) Policy to provide primary education for all children in 1997 and Uganda was the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to introduce Universal Secondary Education in 2007. This boosted school enrolment and retention.
  • Infrastructural investments across electricity, transport, information and communications technology, water, and sanitation. Better infrastructure means improved services and access and improvement in the environment for quality business investments.
  • We set a goal of attaining middle income status by 2020. Every Ugandan now earns on average US$825 per year. By the end of NDPII next year, we will have moved closer to the middle income goal of US$1,039.

Despite the progress, there are still a number of challenges.

  • Aware that “sexual and reproductive health of girls and women are at the heart of poverty eradication and sustainable development”, we should not continue looking on when the teenage pregnancy rate has stagnated at 25% over the last three decades. We must collectively invest in universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services to address the urgent needs of adolescents and youth. In addition to improving education quality and coverage and expanding access to sexual and reproductive healthcare services to help reap the potential gains from the demographic dividend.
  • High child marriage before 18 years is unbearable and as a country we should make focused efforts to end it and promote gender equity and women empowerment so as to reduce gender based violence and the ripple effects of poverty.
  • About 78% of Uganda’s population are below 30 years of age. More than half Uganda’s population are under the age of 15. It is crucial that these young people have the knowledge and skills to succeed in life if we are to break the cycle of poverty.Ensuring all young people, including the most marginalised and disadvantaged, can unlock their potential through access to decent work will reduce the current high dependency burden and drive progress towards sustainable, inclusive development.
  • Uganda’s GDP is still largely dominated by low level of productivity in agriculture, minerals and tourism. Over 68% of the population is in the subsistence economy, with little or no commercial endeavours. As a result of the low productivity, job creation in the economy has not kept pace with the surge in the numbers of youths joining the labour force. Sound economic policies are needed to transform economic growth into human development gains. Industrialization should focus on areas of comparative advantage, including building on agriculture and the extractive industries that would support the country to move up the ladder of value chains. But not forgetting our largest population –the young people. We need to create jobs for our big young population that will soon graduate to the working age group.
  • Unequal distribution of resources, power, and wealth, combined with inequitable social norms that have sustained persistent inequalities in reproductive health, education and wealth distribution.

The third National Development Plan (NDPIII) provides the country’s efforts to invest in human capital. The Plan gives a unified direction for the country, including mobilizing people and resources to achieve a common goal and faster socio-economic transformation by focusing on specific areas of maximum opportunity. NDPIII,if well implemented will reposition the country within the global sphere and take more steps towards the renewed ICPD commitment and the sustainable development goals.

Hon David Bahati said “allow me recognize and appreciate the support of our partners towards improving the social and economic status of our people, especially women and children through different interventions at national, international and local levels. I encourage you to support theyouth and women to take advantage of government schemes and programmes to improve their livelihoods by starting up small income generating activities and other innovative ventures instead of engaging in risk behaviors like alcohol, drugs, and sexual immorality which are counter development counterproductive and precarious to socio economic development”.

Bahati reiterated Uganda’s commitment to the renewed promise of the International Commitment on Population and Development as a true trajectory towards Vision 2040, the demographic dividend and the Sustainable Development Goals. Achieving the promise will no doubt lead to the transformation that we are aspiring to achieve by 2040.

The Nairobi Summit on ICPD25: Accelerating the promise will offer an inclusive platform, bringing together governments, UN agencies, civil society, private sector organizations, women’s groups and youth networks to discuss and agree on actions to accelerate the implementation of the ICPD Programme of Action, which is critical to achieving the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.  

Ambassador Lazarus Ombai Amayo, the Permanent Representative of Kenya to the United Nations, said, “Kenya is committed to the full implementation of the principles and goals of the ICPD Programme of Action. We look forward to working with UNFPA, UN Member States and other partners on this important event that will celebrate the significant achievements of the ICPD Agenda and further promote the global development agenda.”   

“As we celebrate the remarkable progress we have made in advancing the health and rights of women, we must redouble our efforts to reach those who have not yet benefited from the promise of the ICPD,” said Dr. Natalia Kanem, UNFPA Executive Director.

“The Nairobi Summit will help us rally a broad coalition of stakeholders to protect the gains made and advance the ICPD agenda to ensure that no one is left behind.”

About Goodluck Musinguzi

Born on 12th March 1979 in Kabale district, South Western Uganda near the Rwanda and Eastern Congo Borders. Started Journalism around 1999, the Kibwetere inferno was a turn around. Entatsi newspaper and Monitor FM were interested in my stories. I covered extensively the Amama Mbabazi-Garuga Musinguzi Parliamentary elections extensively for Monitor Newspaper,Monitor FM, Voice of Kigezi and Entatsi Newspaper. Later I worked with Uganda Radio Network. Newvision gave me opportunity to cover War in Eastern Congo. Did investigation stories. Am now the Chief Executive Officer Kigezi News Agency Limited, we publish for a number of websites in Uganda.

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  1. This is wonderful improving the lives of women,children and youths. There you go our minister.

  2. I believe most of the achievements are collect but really is this UPE helping us ?most of the schools are in remote state,children are not well taught compare to private and some schools ask money to accommodate teachers.

  3. Thanks so much a lot has been achieved. Let’s hope that alot more is coming.

  4. Hon Bahati is very right becoz empowering women is the way to go.

  5. What are your plans to achieve the goal of middle income status?

  6. Investment with the help of ministry of finance and economic planning has really improved people’s lives in Uganda.

  7. There are many long term goals to achieve. Hope you will maintain the charisma to achieve the targeted goals.

  8. Government schemes should be divided equally to the beneficiaries.

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